EduBourseActualitésMidday Express of 2005-09-30

Midday Express of 2005-09-30

News from the Press and Communication Directorate General’s midday briefing

Nouvelles du rendez-vous de midi de la Direction Générale Presse et Communication

30 / 09 / 05

Les nouvelles règles applicables à la distribution automobile renforcent les possibilités de concurrence des concessionnaires dans toute l’UE
Les “clauses de localisation” contenues dans les contrats conclus entre les constructeurs automobiles et les concessionnaires ne seront plus, à partir du 1er octobre 2005, automatiquement exemptées, en vertu du règlement n° 1400/2002 de la Commission européenne d’exemption par catégorie pour la distribution automobile, de l’interdiction, prévue dans le traité CE (article 81), des pratiques commerciales restrictives. Ces clauses étaient destinées à empêcher les concessionnaires d’ouvrir des points de vente hors de zones géographiques déterminées par les constructeurs, notamment dans d’autres Etats membres de l’UE. De nombreux constructeurs et concessionnaires ont cependant déjà supprimé ces clauses dans leurs contrats. Ce changement permet aux concessionnaires de se livrer une concurrence plus ouverte, ce qui devrait faire baisser les prix et encourager l’innovation dans la distribution. La suppression des clauses de localisation est la dernière étape de la réforme des règles de concurrence applicables à la distribution automobile mise en œuvre par la Commission, dont les autres éléments étaient entrés en vigueur le 1er octobre 2002 (voir IP/02/1073). La période supplémentaire de trois ans prévue avant la fin de l’exemption par catégorie des “clauses de localisation” visait à donner la possibilité aux constructeurs et aux concessionnaires de s’adapter.

EU-Russia Summit (04/10)
The President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso, the Commissioner for External Relations Benita Ferrero-Waldner and the Trade Commissioner Peter Mandelson will attend the EU-Russia summit in London on 4 October. The meeting will be hosted by Prime Minister Tony Blair and attended by President Vladimir Putin, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and other Russian Ministers. The chief focus of the Summit is implementation of the four “common spaces” agreed at the last EU-Russia Summit in May. These encompass a wide range of policy areas from economic issues to environment and energy, security matters, culture and education. The leaders will look ahead to the future of the EU-Russia relationship and the current Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. Intensive work is underway to make maximum progress on two agreements on visa facilitation and readmission ahead of the Summit.

Commission unveils plans for European digital libraries
The European Commission today unveiled its strategy to make Europe’s written and audiovisual heritage available on the Internet. Turning Europe’s historic and cultural heritage into digital content will make it usable for European citizens for their studies, work or leisure and will give innovators, artists and entrepreneurs the raw material that they need. The Commission proposes a concerted drive by EU Member States to digitise, preserve, and make this heritage available to all. It presents a first set of actions at European level and invites comments on a series of issues in an online consultation (deadline for replies: 20 January 2006). The replies will feed into a proposal for a Recommendation on digitisation and digital preservation, to be presented in June 2006.

La Commission va appliquer un prélèvement de €364 millions à dix Etats membres qui ont dépassé leurs quotas laitiers
Selon un calcul provisoire de la Commission européenne fondé sur les déclarations annuelles des Etats membres, neuf d’entre eux ont dépassé leurs quotas de livraison de lait pendant l’année contingentaire 2004-2005. Un autre Etat membre a lui aussi dépassé son quota en ce qui concerne les ventes directes aux consommateurs. Ces dix Etats membres devront en conséquence acquitter le “superprélèvement”, pour un total de €364 millions. L’année précédente, le chiffre correspondant était de €385 millions.

Tens of thousands of fish to be saved annually – thanks to European Commission breakthrough
A newly validated test approach for ecotoxicological effects has been endorsed by the European Commission – an approach which may very well save the lives of tens of thousands of fish every year. The European Union stipulates the need to assess the risks to our environment of all new chemical compounds. The ecotoxicological effects (ie the harmful effects on plants and animals, populations, or communities) of such chemicals are determined by performing tests using algae, water fleas (daphnia) and fish. Each chemical tested is classified by the concentration which shows toxicity in the most sensitive of all three species. Up to now, fish have equally shared the test burden with algae and daphnia combined.

La Commission condamne vigoureusement l’escalade de violence au Darfour
Louis Michel, Commissaire européen au Développement et à l’Aide humanitaire, s’est déclaré extrêmement préoccupé par la montée des violences et de l’insécurité au Darfour depuis la mi-septembre.

September 2005 : Business Climate Indicator for the euro area continues to improve
The Business Climate Indicator (BCI) for the euro area continued to improve over the period August/ September. The recent developments thus substantiate the observation of an upswing in cyclical perceptions of industry managers since June. The improvement over summer lifts the BCI above its long term average of zero in September, which is the first reading in positive territory since March of this year. The positive development of the BCI in September was reflected in almost all underlying components. The improvement of industry managers’ opinions was more pronounced for the production in recent months than for both the export and total order books and the stocks of finished products. Only the production expectations remained steady in September. In August, the improvement of ‘industry managers’ production expectation had been offset by the decline of their opinions on production in recent months, while their views had remained steady for the three remaining components.

September 2005 : economic sentiment continues to improve in both the EU and the euro area
The economic sentiment indicator (ESI) for the EU and euro area saw a remarkable increase over summer, defying the uncertainty created by soaring oil prices and the devastating hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico region. In the EU, the indicator rose by a total of 1.7 points during August and September, following an increase of 1.4 points in July. In the euro area, the ESI improved by a compound 1.1 points in August/ September. The indicator has now risen for four months in a row, confirming that the weakening of the economy since autumn 2004 has come to a halt.

Flash estimate – September 2005 : Euro-zone inflation estimated at 2.5%
Euro-zone annual inflation is expected to be 2.5% in September 2005 according to a flash estimate issued by Eurostat. It was 2.2% in August. Euro-zone inflation is measured by the Monetary Union Index of Consumer Prices (MUICP). To compute the MUICP flash estimates, Eurostat uses early price information relating to the reference month from Member States for which data are available as well as early information about energy prices. The flash estimation procedure for the MUICP combines historical information with partial information on price developments in the most recent months to give a total index for the euro-zone. No detailed breakdown is available. Experience has shown the procedure to be reliable (11 times exactly anticipating the inflation rate, 12 times differing by 0.1 and once differing by 0.2, in January 2005, over the last two years). Further information can be found in Eurostat News Release 113/2001 of 5 November 2001.

Joe Borg visits Latvia
The European Commissioner for Fisheries and Maritime affairs, Joe Borg, will pay a two-day visit to Latvia on 2-3 October. During his visit, the Commissioner will meet with Mr Martin Roze, Minister for Agriculture. He will also hold a meeting with representatives of the fisheries sector. The focus of the discussions will be on securing the long-term future of Latvia’s fishing sector and the coastal communities concerned through ensuring the sustainability of the fisheries on which they depend. The issues to be discussed will include the current conservation measures and the forthcoming recovery plan for Baltic cod, which is in a poor biological state. The Commission proposal on technical measures, specifically designed to protect fish stocks in the Baltic Sea, will also be discussed. There has been a constructive consultation process on these issues between the Commission and stakeholders, including those in Latvia. The Commission proposal for a European Fisheries Fund, due to cover the period 2007-2013, will also be on the agenda. The discussions are likely to focus on the proposed conditions for aid to the various branches of the industry: fleet, aquaculture and processing of fisheries products. During his visit, Commissioner Borg will be given an insight of the activities in these branches and the challenges facing stakeholders. Mr Borg will explain the measures under the Common Fisheries Policy aimed at tackling these challenges and invite stakeholders to work towards the setting up of the Regional Fisheries Council for the Baltic in which they will be able to participate in the decision making process on fisheries management for their region.

Autre matériel diffusé
Questions and aswers on EU regulation of blood and its derivatives
Speech by Vladimir Špidla : “The EU’s response to the challenge of ageing” at the XVIII International EURAG Congress 2005 (Ljubljana)
Speech by Siim Kallas : “EU’s role in international security” at NATO Conference (29/09, Tallinn)
Calendrier du 2 au 7 octobre 2005

Pierre Perrin-Monlouis
Pierre Perrin-Monlouis
Fondateur de Rente et Patrimoine (cabinet de gestion de patrimoine), Pierre Perrin-Monlouis est un analyste et trader pour compte propre. Il vous fait profiter de son expérience en trading grâce à ses analyses financières et décrypte pour vous les actualités des marchés. Son approche globale des marchés combine à la fois l'analyse technique et l'analyse fondamentale sur l'ensemble des marchés : crypto, forex, actions et matières premières.